Let’s build a Hello World app first. We can ensure that we have our development environment setup and get a high level view of how Ember works.
The app we’re going to build in this tutorial is a CRM. We can reuse this hello world code when we start the app, so let’s name our Rails app
First create new rvm gemset to sandbox our gems:
rvm gemset create ember-crm rvm gemset use ember-crm gem install rails
Now generate the Rails app:
rails new ember-crm -d postgresql cd ember-crm bundle rake db:create
If you run
rails s and visit localhost:3000 then you should see the Rails Welcome Aboard page.
You’ll need to remove Turbolinks because it conflicts with Ember. Make sure to remove it from all of the following places:
I am going to use Ember Rails for this tutorial. It’s stable and works great. I think Ember CLI may replace Ember Rails as the default Rails/Ember integration gem, but it’s pre 1.0 right now so I’m going with Ember Rails for this tutorial.
Add following gems to your Gemfile:
gem 'ember-rails' gem 'ember-source', '~> 1.8.1' gem 'emblem-rails'
Ember Rails provides a generator that will create a skeleton for our Ember app. The -n flag tells it to name the Ember app
App, which is the typical convention.
If you want the generated files to use CoffeeScript then add a flag:
Ember Rails comes with default Ember versions, but let’s explicitly install Ember 1.5.0 and Ember Data 1.0.0 beta 7 so that your version is the same as mine. They will be installed to
rails g ember:install --tag=v1.5.0 --ember rails g ember:install --tag=v1.0.0-beta.7 --ember-data
Add the following lines to your environment files. These tell Ember Rails which version of ember.js to use in each environment. The production version is minified and has no logging, while the development version is not minified and allows for logging.
# config/environments/test.rb config.ember.variant = :development # config/environments/development.rb config.ember.variant = :development # config/environments/production.rb config.ember.variant = :production
Ember Rails generates an
application.js.coffee for us, so lets use that. Delete
jquery, but not
jquery_ujs, so make sure to require it right below
We’ll need a basic Rails controller and view so that we can output something from Ember. I’m going to make a controller named
HomeController with an index view and make it the root path.
Add the route:
# config/routes.rb root to: 'home#index'
Create the controller:
# app/controllers/home_controller.rb class HomeController < ApplicationController end
Create an index view. It’s going to be blank:
<!-- app/views/home/index.html.erb -->
Last but not least, we need to create a template for Ember to render. Ember looks for an application template by default, so all we need to do is create it:
Restart your server then visit http://localhost:3000. You should see ‘Hello World’ printed on the screen. If you see it then congratulations! You’re one step closer to being an Embereño. Yes, Embereño is a thing, though I kind of like Emberista.
If you don’t see
Hello World, you should clone my hello world repo and see what you’ve done differently.
If you open your console you should see output that looks like this:
DEBUG: ------------------------------- ember.js?body=1:3522 DEBUG: Ember : 1.5.0 ember.js?body=1:3522 DEBUG: Handlebars : 1.3.0 ember.js?body=1:3522 DEBUG: jQuery : 1.11.0 ember.js?body=1:3522 DEBUG: -------------------------------
There’s a whole page on debugging Ember in the guides. I suggest that you check it out if you ever get stuck.
The first thing I usually do if things aren’t working is place a
debugger in the code and open Chrome dev tools. If that doesn’t help then the next thing I’ll do is log my route transitions to get more insight:
Beyond that I suggest reading in the guides for more detailed tips on debugging, and of course using the Ember Inspector…
The Ember Inspector is an invaluable tool for debugging Ember. It’s a Chrome Extension that helps you see what’s going on in your app. You can get it here.
Once it’s installed refresh your browser and open Chrome dev tools. You should see a tab titled Ember. Inside are all sorts of helpful tools. View Tree will show you exactly what’s being rendered and where it came from. Routes show you all the routes in your app, and what other objects each one looks for. The route you are currently on will be bold. Data will show you all the active records in your app. You can click on a record to view all of its attributes.
I can’t say enough good things about the Ember Inspector. It makes the inner workings of your app very visible.
As you’ve seen it doesn’t take much time to get our Ember App up and running. Most of the work is in preparing the Rails app.
If you’ve still got issues getting this working then please post your issue in the comments below. This hello world app is also on GitHub if you want to look at it.